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ATF2, also named as CREB2 and CREBP1, contains one bZIP domain and one C2H2-type zinc finger. It belongs to the bZIP family. ATF2 binds to the cAMP-responsive element(CRE), an octameric palindrome. It forms a homodimer or a heterodimer with c-Jun and stimulates CRE-dependent transcription. It is also a histone acetyltransferase (HAT) that specifically acetylates histones H2B and H4 in vitro; thus it may represent a class of sequence-specific factors that activate transcription by direct effects on chromatin components. ATF2 binds DNA as a dimer and can form a homodimer in the absence of DNA. It binds through its N-terminal region to UTF1 which acts as a coactivator of ATF2 transcriptional activity.