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NR3C1 is a receptor for glucocorticoids, which owns a dual mode of action: as a transcription factor that binds to glucocorticoid response elements (GRE) and as a modulator of other transcription factors. It is involved in cell proliferation and differentiation and specifically implicated in newborn birth weight, thus providing a biological mechanism by which NR3C1 expression may influence birth weight [PMID:22810058]. It also act as a coactivator for STAT5-dependent transcription upon growth hormone (GH) stimulation and could reveal an essential role of hepatic GR in the control of body growth [PMID:15037546].