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Sestrin 3 Protein Enhances Hepatic Insulin Sensitivity by Direct Activation of the mTORC2-Akt Signaling.
Sestrins, including sestrin-1 (PA26), sestrin-2 (Hi95), and sestrin-3, are 48 to 65 kDa cystein sulfinyl reductases and they modulate peroxide signaling and antioxidant defense. These proteins selectively reduce or repair hyperoxidized forms of typical 2-Cys peroxiredoxins within eukaryotes. Expression of these proteins is regulated by p53, a tumor suppressor protein. Sestrin 1 is implicated in the inhibition of cell growth. It is approximately a 66kDa protein in humans (551 amino acids).