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STIM1, also named as GOK, is an ER Ca2+ sensor. Upon Ca2+ store depletion, STIM1 clusters at ER–plasma membrane junctions where it interacts with and gates Ca2+-permeable Orai1 ion channels. STIM1 is implicated in tumor growth suppression and stromal-haematopoietic cell interactions. Defacts in STIM1 gene can cause immune dysfunction with impaired T-cell activation. STIM1 can inhibit L-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels in neurons. Temperature is an important regulator of STIM1 function.The MW of STIM1 is about 80-90 kDa which may be due to the phosphorylation or glycosylation forms.