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TPI1(Triosephosphate isomerase) is also named as TIM, TPI and belongs to the triosephosphate isomerase family. It is a key enzyme in cell metabolism that controls the glycolytic flow and energy production through the interconversion of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P)(PMID:19251756). Defects in TPI1 are the cause of triosephosphate isomerase deficiency (TPI deficiency). It can exsit as a homodimer(PMID:18562316).