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|Author:||Fabienne C Fiesel|
J Cell Sci
A specific subset of E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes regulate Parkin activation and mitophagy differently.
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CDC34 is also named as UBCH3, UBE2R1(Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 R1) and belongs to the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme family. Cdc34 enzyme is itself a substrate for the type of polyubiquitin modification that is known to cause targeting of proteins for degradation. It is phosphorylated in vivo, providing yet another potential means for control of its activity. And the predominantly nuclear localization of this enzyme suggests that substrate molecules relevant to its cell cycle function are similarly located within the nucleus(PMID:8164658). Human CDC34 could substitute efficiently for yeast CDC34(PMID:8248134). It can form a homodimer(PMID:8383676).