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Effects of social isolation and re-socialization on cognition and ADAR1 (p110) expression in mice.
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ADAR1 is also named as ADAR1, DSRAD, G1P1, IFI4. It convert selected adenosine residues into inosine in substrate RNAs containing a relatively short dsRNA region(PMID:15556947). The human ADAR1 gene specifies two size forms of RNA-specific adenosine deaminase, an interferon (IFN) inducible ∼150 kDa protein and a constitutively expressed N-terminally truncated ∼110 kDa protein, encoded by transcripts with alternative exon 1 structures that initiate from different promoters(PMID:11111054). It has 5 isoforms produced by alternative promoter usage and alternative splicing. Defects in ADAR are a cause of dyschromatosis symmetrical hereditaria (DSH).ADAR1 can form respective homodimers, and this association is essential for its enzymatic activities(PMID:17428802).