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|Author:||Christian B Brøchner|
SSEA-4 and YKL-40 positive progenitor subtypes in the subventricular zone of developing human neocortex.
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Chitinase 3-like-1 (CHI3L1/YKL-40/CGP-39/GP-39/hCGP-39) is a protein secreted from restricted cell types including colonic epithelial cells (CECs) and macrophages. CHI3L1 is an inflammation-associated molecule, and its expression is enhanced in persons with colitis and colon cancer. CHI3L1 is a 40 kDa protein and is produced by restricted cell types, including colonic epithelial cells (CECs) and macrophages. CHI3L1 can be detected in the Golgi apparatus and the endoplasmic reticulum, but its major sites of action seems to be extracellular as a secreted protein. (PMID:21763261)