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Effects of a low-fat diet on the hepatic expression of adiponectin and its receptors in rats with NAFLD.
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Adiponectin is a hormone secreted by adipocytes that acts as an antidiabetic and anti-atherogenic adipokine. Two receptors for adiponectin (ADIPOR1 and ADIPOR2) have been identified. They mediate increased AMPK, MAPK and PPARA ligand activity in response to adiponectin. AdipoR1 is abundantly expressed in skeletal muscle, whereas AdipoR2 is predominantly expressed in the liver. The human ADIPOR2 gene maps to chromosome 12p13.31, and encodes a 386-amino acid protein with a molecular weight of 44 kDa. This antibody raised against 1-147aa of human AdipoR2 may cross-react with AdipoR1.