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CA1(Carbonic anhydrase 1) is also named as CAB and belongs to the alpha-carbonic anhydrase family, which may reside in cytoplasm, in mitochondria, or in secretory granules, or associate with membranes in cell. It forms a large family of genes encoding zinc metalloenzymes of great physiologic importance. Extracellular CA1 mediates hemorrhagic retinal and cerebral vascular permeability through prekallikrein activation(PMID:17259996).