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CD38 is highly expressed and affects the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in cervical cancer.
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CD38, also known as ADP-ribosyl cyclase 1, is a type II transmembrane glycoprotein with a short N-terminal cytoplasmic tail, a single membrane-spanning domain, and a C-terminal extracellular region with four N-glycosylation sites (PMID: 2319135). The extracellular domain of CD38 has bifunctional enzyme activities that catalyze synthesis of cyclic ADP ribose from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and hydrolysis of cyclic ADP ribose to adenosine diphosphoribose (PMID: 10636863). CD38 is expressed on a variety of hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells and is involved in diverse processes such as generation of calcium-mobilizing metabolites, cell activation, and chemotaxis (PMID: 25938500).