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Exosome-transmitted p120-catenin suppresses hepatocellular carcinoma progression via STAT3 pathways.
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Catenins were discovered as proteins that are linked to the cytoplasmic domain of transmembrane cadherins (PMID: 9653641). p120 catenin, also called p120 ctn or catenin delta-1, regulates cell-cell adhesion through its interaction with the cytoplasmic tail of classical and type II cadherins. p120 catenin is a tyrosine kinase substrate implicated in cell transformation by SRC, as well as in ligand-induced receptor signaling through the EGF receptor, the PDGF receptor, and the CSF1 receptor. Different expression patterns of p120 catenin in lobular and ductal carcinomas of breast have been reported: membrane stain for ductal carcinoma and cytoplasmic stain for lobular carcinoma (PMID: 24966968). Different isoforms of p120 catenin are variably expressed in different tissues as a result of alternative splicing and the use of multiple translation initiation codons (PMID: 19150613).