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Cell Biol Int
miR-194 functions as a novel modulator of cellular senescence in mouse embryonic fibroblasts.
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DNA methylation in vertebrate animals is an epigenetic modification that is important for embryonic development, imprinting, and the inactivation of X chromosomes. DNA methylation is catalyzed by a family of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) that include the maintenance enzyme DNMT1 and de novo methyltransferases DNMT3a and DNMT3b. The overexpression of DNMT1, DNMT3a, and DNMT3b has been reported in various malignancies, including gastric, urothelial, and lung cancers, and may be related to tumorigenesis, tumor progression, and poor survival. Two isoforms of DNMT3a exist: the full-length DNMT3a, and the shorter form DNMT3a2 which lacks the N-terminal fragment. DNMT3a is expressed ubiquitously at low levels, while DNMT3a2 is specially expressed at high levels in embryonic stem cells and shows restricted expression in tissues known to undergo de novo methylation including testis and ovary. This antibody was raised against the N-terminal region of human DNMT3a. It is expected to detect the 120-130 kDa DNMT3a but not 72-100 kDa DNMT3a2.