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|Author:||Krishnamoorthy Aparna A|
Fibrinogen β-derived Bβ(15-42) peptide protects against kidney ischemia/reperfusion injury.
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Fibrinogen is a soluble plasma glycoprotein synthesized in the liver. It is composed of two sets of three structurally different subunits: alpha (FGA), beta (FGB), gamma (FGG). Fibrinogen is converted by thrombin into fibrin during blood coagulation. Fibrinogen and fibrin play overlapping roles in blood clotting, fibrinolysis, cellular and matrix interactions, the inflammatory response, wound healing, and neoplasia (PMID: 16102057). FGB is the beta chain of fibrinogen. During conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin, fibrinopeptide B is cleaved from FGB by thrombin. Mutations in the gene of FGB lead to several disorders, including afibrinogenemia, dysfibrinogenemia, hypodysfibrinogenemia and thrombotic tendency.