|Positive WB detected in||Jurkat cells, HEK-293 cells, HL-60 cells, human cerebellum tissue, K-562 cells|
|Positive IP detected in||HEK-293 cells|
|Positive IHC detected in||mouse brain tissue|
Note: suggested antigen retrieval with TE buffer pH 9.0; (*) Alternatively, antigen retrieval may be performed with citrate buffer pH 6.0
|Positive IF detected in||HepG2 cells|
|Western Blot (WB)||WB : 1:500-1:3000|
|Immunoprecipitation (IP)||IP : 0.5-4.0 ug for IP and 1:500-1:1000 for WB|
|Immunohistochemistry (IHC)||IHC : 1:50-1:500|
|Immunofluorescence (IF)||IF : 1:50-1:500|
|Sample-dependent, check data in validation data gallery|
14597-1-AP targets HMGB2 in WB, IP, IHC, IF, ELISA applications and shows reactivity with human, mouse, rat samples.
|Tested Reactivity||human, mouse, rat|
|Cited Reactivity||human, mouse, rat|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||HMGB2 fusion protein Ag6135|
|Full Name||high-mobility group box 2|
|Calculated molecular weight||24 kDa|
|Observed molecular weight||33-35 kDa|
|GenBank accession number||BC001063|
|Gene ID (NCBI)||3148|
|Purification Method||Antigen affinity purification|
|Storage Buffer||PBS with 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol pH 7.3.|
|Storage Conditions||Store at -20°C. Stable for one year after shipment. Aliquoting is unnecessary for -20oC storage.|
High mobility group protein B2 (HMGB2) belongs to a family of highly conserved proteins that contain HMG box domains (11246022,14871457). All three family members (HMGB1, HMGB2, and HMGB3) contain two HMG box domains and a C-terminal acidic domain. HMGB1 is a widely expressed and highly abundant protein (14871457). HMGB2 is widely expressed during embryonic development, but it is restricted to lymphoid organs and testis in adult animals (11262228). HMGB3 is only expressed during embryogenesis (9598312). While expression varies, the biochemical properties of the different family members may be indistinguishable. The HMG box domains facilitate the binding of HMGB proteins to the minor groove of DNA, which results in local bending of the DNA double helix . HMGB proteins are recruited by and help facilitate the assembly of site-specific DNA binding proteins to their cognate binding sites in chromatin. For example, HMGB1 and HMGB2 facilitate the binding of Hox proteins, Oct proteins, p53, Rel proteins, and steroid hormone receptor proteins to their target gene promoters (11246022,14871457). Furthermore, HMGB2 interacts with RAG1 to facilitate RAG complex binding to the recombinant signal sequence (RSS) and stimulate DNA-bending and subsequent VDJ cleavage at antigen receptor genes (19317908 ,10490593). In addition to their functions in the nucleus, HMGB proteins play a significant role in extracellular signaling associated with inflammation. HMGB2 is secreted by myeloid cells and promotes proliferation and migration of endothelial cells by binding to the receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) (19811285 ). Research studies have shown that HMGB2 overexpression in hepatocellular carcinoma is associated with poor prognosis and shorter survival time (20851854).This antibody recognizes the phosphorylation form of HMGB2 protein. The calculated molecular weight of HMGB2 is 24 kDa, but the post-modifiction of HMGB2 is about 33-35 kDa. (PMID: 18218727)
|Product Specific Protocols|
|WB protocol for HMGB2 antibody 14597-1-AP||Download protocol|
|IHC protocol for HMGB2 antibody 14597-1-AP||Download protocol|
|IF protocol for HMGB2 antibody 14597-1-AP||Download protocol|
|IP protocol for HMGB2 antibody 14597-1-AP||Download protocol|
|Click here to view our Standard Protocols|
Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai)
Expression of HMGB2 indicates worse survival of patients and is required for the maintenance of Warburg effect in pancreatic cancer.
Members of the high mobility group B protein family are dynamically expressed in embryonic neural stem cells.
HMGB2 promotes the malignancy of human gastric Cancer and indicates poor survival outcome.
Cell Commun Signal
HMGB2 is associated with malignancy and regulates Warburg effect by targeting LDHB and FBP1 in breast cancer.
Arsenic influences spermatogenesis by disorganizing the elongation of spermatids in adult male mice.
Fluoride-induced unrestored arrest during haploid period of spermatogenesis via the regulation of DDX25 in rats.