By Product Type
By Research Area
Absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) is a sensor of cytosolic DNA that is responsible for activation of the inflammasome and host immune responses to DNA viruses and intracellular bacteria [PMID: 22695634]. Upon binding to DNA, it is thought to undergo oligomerization and to associate with PYCARD initiating the recruitment of caspase-1 precusrsor and processing of interleukin-1 beta and interleukin-18. Otherwise, it functions as a tumor suppressor which may act by repressing NF-kappa-B transcriptional activity [PMID:16432157,20566831].