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Exp Cell Res
Involvement of JNK signaling in IL4-induced M2 macrophage polarization.
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Arginase-1 (Liver arginase) belongs to the arginase family. ARG1 is a novel immunohistochemical marker of hepatocellular differentiation in fine needle aspiration cytology and a marker of hepatocytes and hepatocellular neoplasms. ARG1 is closely associated with alternative macrophage activation(PMID:12098359) and ARG1 has been shown to protectmotor neurons from trophic factor deprivation and allow sensory neurons to overcome neurite outgrowth inhibition by myelin proteins(PMID: 20071539).It can exsit as a homotrimer(PMID:16141327) and it has 3 isoforms produced by alternative splicing.Defects in ARG1 are the cause of argininemia (ARGIN). Deletion or TNF-mediated restriction of ARG1 unleashes the production of NO by NOS2, which is critical for pathogen control.(PMID:27117406). ARG1 is a novel biomarker of post-stroke immune suppression(2016).