|Positive WB detected in||HeLa cells, HepG2 cells|
|Positive IHC detected in||human placenta tissue, human heart tissue|
Note: suggested antigen retrieval with TE buffer pH 9.0; (*) Alternatively, antigen retrieval may be performed with citrate buffer pH 6.0
|Western Blot (WB)||WB : 1:500-1:1000|
|Immunohistochemistry (IHC)||IHC : 1:20-1:200|
|Sample-dependent, check data in validation data gallery|
51144-1-AP targets SMAD4 in WB, IHC,ELISA applications and shows reactivity with human, mouse, rat samples.
|Tested Reactivity||human, mouse, rat|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Full Name||SMAD family member 4|
|Calculated molecular weight||60 kDa|
|Observed molecular weight||58 kDa|
|GenBank accession number||BC002379|
|Gene ID (NCBI)||4089|
|Purification Method||Antigen affinity purification|
|Storage Buffer||PBS with 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol pH 7.3.|
|Storage Conditions||Store at -20°C. Aliquoting is unnecessary for -20oC storage.|
Mammalian homologs of the Drosophila Mad gene include Smad1, Smad2, Smad3, Smad4 (DPC4), Smad5, Smad6, Smad7 and Smad8. Smad1 and Smad5 are effectors of BMP2 and BMP4 function while Smad2 and Smad3 are involved in TGF and activin-mediated growth modulation. Smad4 has been shown to mediate all of the above activities through interactionwith various Smad family members . Smad6 and Smad7 regulate the response to activin/ TGF signaling by interfering with TGF -mediated phosphorylation of other Smad family members. This antibody is a rabbit polyclonal antibody raised against a peptide (25-43aa) mapping within human SMAD4. It is specific to SMAD4.
Exp Ther Med
MicroRNA-122 inhibits epithelial-mesenchymal transition of hepatic stellate cells induced by the TGF-β1/Smad signaling pathway.
Exp Ther Med
Naringin attenuates renal interstitial fibrosis by regulating the TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway and inflammation.