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AK2(Adenylate kinase 2, mitochondrial ) is also named as ADK2 and belongs to the adenylate kinase family. It plays a unique role in energy metabolism and energy transfer by regulating the ATP/ADP rate between the cytoplasma matrix and the mitochondria and it is increased expression during adipocyte and B cell differentiation(PMID:23020757). AK2 catalyzes the reversible transfer of a phosphoryl group from ATP to AMP(PMID:19043417). Defects in AK2 are the cause of reticular dysgenesis (RDYS)(PMID:19043416). It has 6 isoforms produced by alternative splicing.