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YAP1 enhances cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of gastric cancer in vitro and in vivo.
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Alpha catenin is an essential component of adherens junctions that connects E-cadherin-β-catenin complexes with the actin cytoskeleton. It also recruits a range of other important proteins to developing intercellular junctions. Three alpha catenins exist in human: alpha-E-catenin, alpha-N-catenin, and alpha-T-catenin, which share substantial amino-acid sequence similarity but have distinct tissue distribution. alpha-E-catenin is ubiquitously expressed, alpha-N-catenin is restricted to neuronal tissue, and alpha-T-catenin is primarily expressed in heart tissue. Reduced levels of alpha-E-catenin protein seem to be characteristic of many different human cancers, including malignant tumours of the breast, colon, stomach, oesophagus, bladder and liver. In addition, the loss of alpha-E-catenin often correlates with the degree of tumour differentiation and metastasis.