|Positive WB detected in||HepG2 cells, multi-cells, Jurkat cells, HeLa cells, mouse skeletal muscle tissue, rat skeletal muscle tissue|
|Positive IP detected in||HepG2 cells|
|Positive IHC detected in||human endometrial cancer tissue, human heart tissue, human cervical cancer tissue|
Note: suggested antigen retrieval with TE buffer pH 9.0; (*) Alternatively, antigen retrieval may be performed with citrate buffer pH 6.0
|Positive IF detected in||HepG2 cells|
|Western Blot (WB)||WB : 1:1000-1:6000|
|Immunoprecipitation (IP)||IP : 0.5-4.0 ug for IP and 1:500-1:2000 for WB|
|Immunohistochemistry (IHC)||IHC : 1:50-1:500|
|Immunofluorescence (IF)||IF : 1:10-1:100|
|Sample-dependent, check data in validation data gallery|
12570-1-AP targets SMAD2 in WB, IP, IHC, IF,ELISA applications and shows reactivity with human, mouse, rat samples.
|Tested Reactivity||human, mouse, rat|
|Cited Reactivity||Cistanche Tubulosa, human, mouse, rat|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||SMAD2 fusion protein Ag3237|
|Full Name||SMAD family member 2|
|Calculated molecular weight||467 aa, 52 kDa|
|Observed molecular weight||58 kDa|
|GenBank accession number||BC014840|
|Gene ID (NCBI)||4087|
|Purification Method||Antigen affinity purification|
|Storage Buffer||PBS with 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol pH 7.3.|
|Storage Conditions||Store at -20°C. Stable for one year after shipment. Aliquoting is unnecessary for -20oC storage.|
SMAD2, also named as MADH2 and MADR2, belongs to the dwarfin/SMAD family, contains 1 MH1 (MAD homology 1) domain and 1 MH2 (MAD homology 2) domain. SMAD2 is a receptor-regulated SMAD(R-SMAD) that is an intracellular signal transducer and transcriptional modulator activated by TGF-beta (transforming growth factor) and activin type 1 receptor kinases. This protein may act as a tumor suppressor in colorectal carcinoma. It is phosphorylated on one or several of Thr-220, Ser-245, Ser-250, and Ser-255. In response to TGF-beta, It is phosphorylated on Ser-465/467 by TGF-beta and activin type 1 receptor kinases, and then able to interact with SMURF2, recruiting other proteins, such as SNON, for degradation. In response to decorin, the naturally occurring inhibitor of TGF-beta signaling, it is phosphorylated on Ser-240 by CaMK2. It is phosphorylated by MAPK3 upon EGF stimulation; which increases transcriptional activity and stability, and is blocked by calmodulin. In response to TGF-beta, it is ubiquitinated by NEDD4L, which promotes its degradation. In response to TGF-beta signaling, it is acetylated on Lys-19 by coactivators, which increases transcriptional activity. This antibody is a rabbit polyclonal antibody raised against residues near the N terminus of human SMAD2. The molecular weight of unphosphorylated forms of Smad2 is 52 kDa and phosphorylated forms of Smad2 is 58 kDa. (PMID: 9006934)
|Product Specific Protocols|
|WB protocol for SMAD2 antibody 12570-1-AP||Download protocol|
|IHC protocol for SMAD2 antibody 12570-1-AP||Download protocol|
|IF protocol for SMAD2 antibody 12570-1-AP||Download protocol|
|IP protocol for SMAD2 antibody 12570-1-AP||Download protocol|
|Click here to view our Standard Protocols|
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