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ACVRL1 (also known as ALK1) is a type I cell-surface receptor for the TGF-beta superfamily of ligands. It shares with other type I receptors a high degree of similarity in serine-threonine kinase subdomains, a glycine- and serine-rich region (called the GS domain) preceding the kinase domain, and a short C-terminal tail. ACVRL1 is highly expressed in endothelial cells and has a critical role in the control of blood vessel development and repair (PMID: 8640225). Mutations in the ACVRL1 gene are associated with hemorrhagic telangiectasia type 2.