|Positive WB detected in||HeLa cells, HepG2 cells|
|Positive IHC detected in||human tonsillitis tissue, human lung cancer tissue, human heart tissue, human liver cancer tissue|
Note: suggested antigen retrieval with TE buffer pH 9.0; (*) Alternatively, antigen retrieval may be performed with citrate buffer pH 6.0
|Positive IF detected in||HepG2 cells|
|Western Blot (WB)||WB : 1:500-1:2400|
|Immunohistochemistry (IHC)||IHC : 1:50-1:500|
|Immunofluorescence (IF)||IF : 1:10-1:100|
|Sample-dependent, check data in validation data gallery|
51069-2-AP targets SMAD4 in WB, IHC, IF, ELISA applications and shows reactivity with human, mouse samples.
|Tested Reactivity||human, mouse|
|Cited Reactivity||human, mouse, rat|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Full Name||SMAD family member 4|
|Calculated molecular weight||60 kDa|
|Observed molecular weight||63 kDa|
|GenBank accession number||BC002379|
|Gene ID (NCBI)||4089|
|Purification Method||Antigen affinity purification|
|Storage Buffer||PBS with 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol pH 7.3.|
|Storage Conditions||Store at -20°C. Aliquoting is unnecessary for -20oC storage.|
Mammalian homologs of the Drosophila Mad gene include Smad1, Smad2, Smad3, Smad4 (DPC4), Smad5, Smad6, Smad7 and Smad8. Smad1 and Smad5 are effectors of BMP2 and BMP4 function while Smad2 and Smad3 are involved in TGF and activin-mediated growth modulation. Smad4 has been shown to mediate all of the above activities through interactionwith various Smad family members . Smad6 and Smad7 regulate the response to activin/ TGF signaling by interfering with TGF -mediated phosphorylation of other Smad family members. This antibody is a rabbit polyclonal antibody raised against a peptide mapping within human SMAD4.
PFOS-induced placental cell growth inhibition is partially mediated by lncRNA H19 through interacting with miR-19a and miR-19b.
αV integrins in Schwann cells promote attachment to axons, but are dispensable in vivo.